Tips for Precision Medical Device CNC Machining

CNC Machining

Over the past few years, the medical industry has seen a growth in demand for high-quality, high-precision goods. These goods have to be produced quickly and in accordance with tight industry requirements. Medical device CNC machining is now used by product managers and designers to satisfy these needs.

The medical manufacturing industry has found CNC machining to be beneficial due to its versatility and compatibility with a range of materials and procedures. Medical products can be produced considerably more quickly and affordably.

We go over the benefits of using medical device CNC machining for your project. To assist you in selecting the best material for your products, we will also delve deeper into the range of materials available for medical device CNC machining. Continue reading to discover various strategies for optimizing the output of medical device CNC machining.

Medical Device CNC Machining - Precision Medical Machining Services for Custom Medical Metal Parts
Medical Device CNC Machining - Precision Medical Machining Services for Custom Plastic Parts

Why Choose CNC Machining for the Medical Industry?

CNC machining offers numerous advantages that make it a valuable choice for medical prototypes and parts. Compared to conventional processes, CNC machining is faster and more precise, ensuring that machined products meet tight tolerance requirements and performance standards. Additionally, CNC machining provides various benefits specific to the medical industry:

Various Tooling Selection

CNC machining is a cost-effective method for producing highly accurate medical components without the need for specialized tooling. Unlike other production methods, medical device CNC machining doesn’t require expensive tooling, saving both time and money. This allows for faster turnaround times, especially for small production runs or custom parts. In the medical industry, where quick and precise parts are often needed in small quantities, CNC machining proves to be an ideal solution, delivering accurate and high-quality results without the reliance on specialized tools.

No Minimum Order Volume

Unlike other manufacturing methods that impose minimum order volumes, CNC machining is suitable for smaller projects as it doesn’t have such requirements. By generating a cutting program from a digital CAD file, CNC machining enables the high-precision production of one or more custom-machined medical parts without any minimum order requirement. This makes CNC machining perfect for highly specialized medical devices, equipment, surgical products, prosthetics, and other products that frequently require one-off or single-use custom parts.

Material Flexibility

Medical device CNC machining offers material flexibility, allowing for the use of various materials commonly used in medical and surgical tools, appliances, and parts. While portable CNC machines have limited capacity, they can still manufacture simple medical components. Standard CNC machines can work with materials such as stainless steel, aluminum, titanium, and production-grade plastics like PEEK. This flexibility enables the production of a wide range of medical components using CNC machining.

High Production Speed

Medical device CNC machining enables quick production of medical components. Depending on their complexity, finished parts can be produced within a few hours. In medical emergencies where the required parts or components are difficult to predict, CNC production machining can rapidly deliver high-quality parts in various quantities.

Machined Parts with Tight Tolerances

Many sophisticated medical devices require extremely tight tolerances, and CNC machining excels in achieving these service tolerances. This reduces the need for post-processing and minimizes the risk of errors. The precision and accuracy of medical device CNC machining not only save time and money but also ensure that medical components are suitable for their intended purpose, mitigating potential risks.

Flexible Design Complexity

Medical device CNC machining allows for the quick and easy transfer of digital programs between medical specialists, product designers, and manufacturing professionals. This capability enhances its effectiveness in creating high-quality and specialized CNC-machined medical equipment, regardless of the location. This is particularly valuable when time is critical, enabling the rapid creation and delivery of essential medical components.

Materials for Medical Device CNC Machining

When it comes to medical device CNC machining, selecting the right materials is crucial to meet the functional and quality requirements of medical components. Designers consider factors such as tolerances, malleability, tension requirements, disposal considerations, and sterilization requirements.
Here are some commonly used materials in medical device CNC machining.

Metals for Medical Device CNC Machining

Aluminum is a lightweight material with good corrosion resistance. It is strong and can be easily anodized to enhance its mechanical properties and corrosion resistance. While it may not be suitable for devices in direct contact with the human body, it is an excellent choice for support equipment like wheelchairs, orthopedic supports, IV stands, and more.

Stainless Steel:
Stainless steel is highly durable, strong, and corrosion-resistant, making it ideal for various medical applications. It is biocompatible and can be polished to achieve a fine surface for easy cleaning. Orthopedic applications like hip joint replacements and surgical devices such as forceps, tweezers, and hemostats often utilize stainless steel.

Copper is known for its excellent antibacterial and antiviral properties, making it suitable for surfaces that are frequently touched, such as monitor switches and buttons. Some manufacturers also use copper in certain dental implants.

Titanium is a preferred alternative to stainless steel due to its high strength, durability, and biocompatibility. It is commonly used in the production of bone replacements, prosthetics, and skeletal supports.

Magnesium exhibits an excellent strength-to-weight ratio and is considered biosafe. Its ability to safely biodegrade is utilized in applications such as bone graft replacements and heart stents.

Plastics for Medical Device CNC Machining

Plastics play a crucial role in medical device CNC machining, offering a wide range of options to meet the specific requirements of medical applications.
Here are some commonly used plastics in medical device CNC machining.

Delrin is a high-strength, rigid, and dimensionally stable thermoplastic material. It is chemically resistant and has a low coefficient of friction, making it suitable for durable and precise medical devices produced through CNC machining. Examples include orthopedic implants, forceps, scalpels, inhalers, and various components of medical equipment.

Acrylic is known for its impact resistance and optical clarity. CNC machining can produce medical parts with this plastic, such as contact lenses, orthopedic implants, dental prosthetics, microscopes, lasers, and protective shields.

Polycarbonate (PC):
Polycarbonate is valued in medical device CNC machining for its high strength, impact resistance, and optical clarity. It finds applications in tubing and connectors for medical devices, protective goggles and shields, respiratory masks, surgical instrument handles, and equipment housings.

PEEK is an engineering thermoplastic renowned for its exceptional strength and high-performance properties. It offers excellent chemical resistance, making it suitable for medical parts exposed to harsh chemicals. Applications include temporary contact products, ventilator tubes, surgical clamps, X-ray machines, and prosthetics.

PTFE (Teflon):
PTFE is a medical-grade thermoplastic known for its high heat resistance and dimensional stability. It is a reliable choice for applications requiring repeated steam sterilization and devices demanding high precision and reliability. Examples include catheters, implantable devices, prosthetics, and wound dressings.

Polypropylene (PP):
Polypropylene exhibits high chemical resistance, making it useful for devices requiring frequent sterilization. It also offers good dimensional stability for precise components, including test tubes, pipettes, medical packaging components, inhalers, nebulizers, syringes, and IV sets.

Ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene is widely accepted in the medical sector due to its biocompatibility, high strength, and wear resistance. It finds applications in orthopedic implants, probes, shavers, catheters, splints, trauma plates, and more.

Nylon is a versatile engineering-grade thermoplastic known for its toughness, strength, and durability. It is suitable for medical components such as sutures, catheters, forceps, clamps, implants, and dental devices.

Considerations When Choosing Materials for Medical Device CNC Machining

Selecting the appropriate materials for machining medical parts requires careful consideration of various factors. It is crucial to understand the specific needs and requirements of the medical applications. Here are some essential considerations for medical device CNC machining:

Long-Term Contact

For semi-permanent or permanent implants that have long-term contact with the body, such as pacemakers, prosthetics, and artificial joints, strong and durable materials are needed. Titanium and stainless steel are commonly chosen due to their biocompatibility and non-toxic nature. Plastic polymers like PE, PU, PET, and acrylic are also suitable for these applications.

Chemical Resistance

Medical products that require constant cleaning and sterilization, such as surgical equipment and diagnostic tools, need materials that are resistant to chemicals. Stainless steel is known for its excellent chemical resistance, while titanium and aluminum also exhibit good resistance to corrosion. Plastic resins like PC and PEEK are valuable options in this case.

Radiation Resistance

Medical parts exposed to radiation, such as X-ray machines and surgical equipment, require materials that can withstand radiation without degradation. Titanium is highly radiation-resistant due to its high density. Plastic resins like ABS, PU, and PEEK are also suitable for these applications.


Consider the sterilization methods used in the medical industry, such as steam, chemical vapor, and radiation sterilization. Materials that can resist high temperatures, chemicals, and radiant energy are essential. Stainless steel and titanium are popular choices due to their corrosion resistance and ability to withstand repeated sterilization cycles. Plastic resins like PEEK, PC, PU, and ABS are also suitable.

Drug Delivery

Materials used for drug delivery devices, such as tubes and injectors, should not allow aerosols and fine powders to stick to their surfaces. Stainless steel, aluminum, copper, and titanium have excellent static-dissipative properties, making them suitable for drug dispensers. Anti-static plastic polymers like polypropylene, ABS, PC, and acrylic are also suitable.

Artificial Joints

Materials for artificial joints need to be strong, biocompatible, and wear-resistant. Titanium, stainless steel, and cobalt-chromium alloys are commonly used metals due to their high strength, biocompatibility, and corrosion & wear resistance. Plastic resins like UHMWPE, PEEK, and PTFE are also commonly used.


Prosthetics, such as artificial limbs and orthotics, require materials with ease of forming, strength, and impact resistance. Titanium, stainless steel, and aluminum are popular choices due to their strength, biocompatibility, and corrosion resistance. Plastic resins like ABS+PC, PMMA, PEEK, glass-filled nylon, and HIPS are suitable for prosthetic applications.

Consider these factors when selecting materials for medical device CNC machining to ensure that the chosen materials meet the specific requirements of the medical applications.

Tips for Designing CNC Machined Medical Parts

Designing for medical device CNC machining requires careful consideration to achieve the best results. Follow these design tips to optimize your CNC machined medical parts:

Simplify the Design

Modify the part design to make it easier and more efficient to machine. Simplifying the geometry by removing unnecessary features and using standard features like chamfers and fillets can improve efficiency and reduce costs. Minimize material usage and design for easy tool access to ensure high-precision manufacturing.

Consider Strong Colors

Using strong colors can enhance part identification and traceability, especially for similar-shaped parts. However, consider the specific requirements of the component, such as sterilization and biocompatibility. Ensure that the selected colors can withstand the necessary conditions without negatively impacting functionality or safety.

Focus on Visual Appeal

Create a visually appealing design that differentiates your product in the market. Highlight key features with colors and textures that enhance the physical appearance of the component. However, prioritize functionality and ensure the design meets the specific requirements of the part and its intended use.

Optimize for Convenience and Portability

Optimize the design of medical parts for easy transportation and use in different clinical settings. Choose lightweight materials like aluminum and incorporate ergonomic designs. Design products that are easily detachable to provide convenience, versatility, and cost savings.

Consider Easy Maintenance

Design medical components with easy maintenance in mind to ensure long-term functionality and safety. Create a simple design that allows for easy access during maintenance tasks. Use durable and easily cleanable materials to reduce maintenance frequency and increase the part’s lifespan. Consider incorporating monitoring systems for early issue detection and timely maintenance.

By implementing these tips, you can enhance the efficiency, functionality, and aesthetics of your CNC machined medical parts, resulting in improved patient outcomes and customer satisfaction.

Examples of CNC Machined Medical Products

CNC machining plays a crucial role in the production of various high-quality medical prototypes and products. Here are some examples of CNC-machined medical parts:

Medical Implants

CNC machining is used to manufacture bodily implants such as hip replacements, spine implants, and knee implants. The versatility of CNC machining allows for the production of custom implants with precision and accuracy. Materials like titanium, stainless steel, cobalt-chrome alloys, and plastics such as PEEK are commonly used for implant fabrication.

Electronic Medical Equipment

CNC machines are employed to create intricate components for advanced medical devices like MRI scanners, ultrasound equipment, CT scanners, X-ray machines, and heart rate monitors. These devices require high-quality and precise parts, ranging from small buttons and switches to larger monitor housings. Medical device CNC machining ensures the necessary precision and adherence to safety standards.

Medical Surgical Instruments

CNC machining technology is utilized in the production of surgical instruments, including biopsy tubes, surgical scissors, implant holders, forceps, and clamps, among others. These instruments must meet strict safety and performance standards, ensuring ease of sterilization and reliability. CNC machining offers the required precision, cost-effectiveness, and surface finishing treatments to create high-quality surgical tools.

By leveraging medical device CNC machining, medical professionals and manufacturers can produce accurate, durable, and reliable medical products across various applications.

How to Choose a Manufacturer for Machining Medical Device Parts

Selecting the right manufacturer for machining medical device parts is crucial to ensure precision, quality, and adherence to safety standards. Consider the following factors when choosing a manufacturing partner for your medical device CNC machining needs:

ISO 13485 and 9001 Certification

Look for a manufacturer that is ISO 13485 and 9001 certified. ISO 9001 certification demonstrates compliance with quality management principles, while ISO 13485 certification specifically applies to the medical device industry. These certifications ensure that the manufacturer meets international standards and follows rigorous quality assurance practices.

Choosing a manufacturer with both certifications provides assurance that they have the necessary expertise and systems in place to produce high-quality, compliant machined medical parts. As an example, our company is proud to hold these certifications and maintains strict adherence to these standards.

Experienced Experts

Consider the manufacturer’s experience and expertise in medical device CNC machining manufacturing. A reliable manufacturing partner should have a deep understanding of the industry’s requirements and regulations. They should be able to provide documentation and implement quality control protocols to ensure compliance.

Working with an experienced team can offer valuable insights and problem-solving capabilities during product development. Their knowledge and expertise can help identify potential risks and provide guidance to achieve desired outcomes. This expertise ultimately saves time and reduces costs during mass production, while ensuring the quality and safety of the machined parts.

Strict Quality Inspection System

Inquire about the manufacturer’s quality management systems and inspection processes. Ask for details regarding the documentation they provide to ensure product approval for sale in the market. While ISO 13485 certification is essential, it’s crucial to ensure that the manufacturer has a proven track record of adhering to quality standards.

Be cautious of new manufacturers offering lower rates without a demonstrated operational history. Thoroughly vet potential manufacturing partners to ensure they deliver high-quality machined medical parts that comply with all relevant regulations. Avoid being the test subject in the manufacturing space by selecting a manufacturer with a solid reputation and a commitment to quality.

By considering these factors, you can make an informed decision when choosing a manufacturer for your machining medical parts. Prioritize precision, quality, and compliance to ensure the success of your medical device.

Your Top Option for Medical Device CNC Machining

A useful method for producing accurate and high-quality items for a range of medical industry applications is CNC machining. With superior material selection, design optimization, precision part manufacture, and thorough inspection, you can satisfy the requirements of medical applications.

Working with a medical device CNC machining business that is well-equipped and has a wealth of knowledge is essential to getting the finest results. We are here to help you at any time during the manufacturing process. In a short amount of time, we will provide high-quality parts that adhere to design criteria.

Medical device CNC machining calls for meticulous planning, cautious material selection, and extreme precision. Parts used in the medical profession must adhere to stringent tolerance and performance requirements.

To help you get your medical products onto the market more quickly and affordably, we provide the most reliable and effective medical device CNC machining services for the medical sector. Our ISO 9001:2015 and ISO 13485:2016 certifications attest to the fact that we adhere to sufficient regulatory standards in the production of all medical prototypes and parts. Our comprehensive quality control system enables us to produce products that precisely match your requirements.

We also have highly skilled engineers and quality inspectors who have a thorough understanding of the medical industry’s machining needs. We make sure the right materials are chosen in order to create medical devices that are both high-quality and secure. In order to assist you save money and optimize your design, you will also receive a complimentary design for manufacturing analysis report based on your design. Get in touch with us, send us your design file, and get the instant quotes!

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